Like Elixinol, CBD Essence has been around for quite a few years and they definitely know a thing or two about hemp oil. The owner Don has actually been around the pharmaceutical industry for some years, and therefore knows how to deliver a quality and effective product. All of their oils are created using CO2 extraction methods, which have been known to be safer and more effective than solvent-based extraction. They avoid CBD isolates, and they always disclose lab test results to ensure there are no heavy metals or contaminants in the oil.
In the meantime, some physicians are forging ahead — and cashing in. Joe Cohen is a doctor at Holos Health, a medical marijuana clinic in Boulder. I asked him what CBD is good for, and he read me a long list of conditions: pain, inflammation, nausea, vomiting, intestinal cramping, anxiety, psychosis, muscle spasms, hyperactive immune systems, nervous system degeneration, elevated blood sugar and more. He also claimed that CBD has anti-cancer properties and can regenerate brain cells and reduce the brain’s levels of amyloid beta — a kind of protein that’s been linked to Alzheimer’s disease. I asked for references, noting that most of these weren’t listed in the Academies report or a similar review published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. “I think you just have to Google search it,” he said. It’s true that a preliminary study found hints that cannabinoids might reduce beta amyloid proteins in human brain cells, but the study was done in cells grown in a lab, not in people. As for cancer, the FDA sent warning letters last year to four companies that were selling products that claimed to “prevent, diagnose, treat or cure” cancer.
Cannabidiol has been shown to halt prions, the proteins that cause neurodegenerative diseases like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and mad cow. The formation and accumulation of prions were prevented with the aide of Cannabidiol during a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience in 2007. For mice that were infected, CBD increased their survival time by about a week.
CBD has been shown to help those with asthma as well as sleep apnea. If you struggle with either of these problems, or simply can’t seem to breathe soundly, regularly, and fully throughout the night, cannabidiol is a proven remedy. Some preclinical studies have shown that CBD helped over three-fourths of participants in a trial of CBD for breathing during sleep, largely due to the ability of cannabidiol to affect levels of serotonin in the brain. CBD is also able to reduce headaches and mood problems, which can also interfere with good breathing.
I should begin by clarifying the fact that I am *not* a physician and this is *not* to be interpreted as medical advice. Please talk to a licensed medical professional about all of this! Studies conducted to evaluate the safety of CBD intake for pregnant mothers found it to have no significant effect on developing embryos: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7568154
CBD and THC are the two main compounds in the marijuana plant and they are the only two cannabinoids that have been well characterized to date. Many strains of marijuana are known for having abundant levels of THC and high-CBD strains are less common; however, with the medical community paying more attention to the therapeutic effects of CBD, that is beginning to change.
Grant says this may lead to a “dampening” or mellowing of some neurochemical processes, including those linked to pain. “CBD may also react with other receptors, like those for serotonin, and it may have actions that reduce the inflammatory molecules produced whenever there is tissue damage or bacteria coming in,” he says. “But we really don’t know the mechanisms.”
Zuardi, A. W., Crippa, J. A., Hallak, J. E., Bhattacharyya, S., Atakan, Z., Martin-Santos, R., … & Guimarães, F. S. (2012). A critical review of the antipsychotic effects of cannabidiol: 30 years of a translational investigation [Abstract]. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 18(32), 5,131–5,140. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22716160
capsules. Tinctures are offered in concentrations of 100 mg, 250 mg, 350mg, 550 mg, 30 ml, 1000 mg, or 1500 mg of crystalline CBD isolates and a broad spectrum of phytocannabinoids. The company’s capsules have a strength of 25 mg CBD, and contain 10% Broad-Spectrum CBD oil 10%, Cannabidiol hemp oil, Safflower oil, and Vegetable cellulose. Another product we recommend for anxiety is their loose-leaf Organic Chamomile CBD Tea. Chamomile has established calming and stomach-soothing effects, and is often used to promote restful sleep. In conjunction with CBD, this botanical contributes to a great product for anxiety-related insomnia. The tea contains 55 mg of CBD, Organic chamomile loose leaf tea, flowers and powder, vanilla, peppermint, and agricultural hemp.
5-HT1A agonist: 5-HT1A is a subtype of the serotonin receptor, which is important because anxiety and depression can sometimes be treated with medications that target the serotonin system. This is why drug companies developed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like Prozac and Zoloft. SSRIs work by blocking reabsorption of serotonin in the brain, which increases availability of serotonin in the synaptic space. This helps brain cells transmit more serotonin signals, which can reduce anxiety and boost mood in certain cases (although the full biological basis for this is more complicated and not fully understood).
Coming to my problem, I’m 59 and have been having back paint and stiffness since 1977. All along it was taken to be an orthopedic problem and treated accordingly. It was only in 2007 that I was correctly diagnosed as having AS as my HLA B27 was +ve. Having gone through the range of medication with various side effects, like tinnitus, heart attack I have been advised the biologic Remicade (Inflimab in India). I am reluctant to use an immunosupressive at my age. Also the internet is full of people who are on biologics but are not very happy with ever increasing dosages, costs and side effects.
Fill the dropper with the CBD oil, place the tip of the dropper under the tongue and drip in the desired amount. Let the CBD oil get adsorbed for 1-5 minutes before swallowing it. If you are having a hard time with the dosage or the number of drops when you drip it under your tongue, you can also use a spoon. Just put the desired amount of CBD oil on the spoon and try to put it under the tongue. Just lick off the remaining oil on the spoon. Due to the fine blood vessels and mucous membranes in the mouth, the CBD quickly enters the bloodstream and therefore has a good bioavailability.
Medicinal cannabis, on the other hand, raises slightly different legal issues. While medicinal cannabis does contain the compound CBD, it also contains THC, the psychoactive substance that poses the legal problem. A recent change in the law means medicinal cannabis will soon be legally available in the UK, but only via prescription from a doctor. It has been found to be beneficial to patients living with MS, cancer, epilepsy and other serious illnesses. This recent development in the law edges the UK's policy ever closer to the likes of Canada, Portugal, Holland, and many US states.
Overall, preclinical evidence supports systemic CBD as an acute treatment of GAD, SAD, PD, OCD, and PTSD, and suggests that CBD has the advantage of not producing anxiogenic effects at higher dose, as distinct from other agents that enhance CB1R activation. In particular, results show potential for the treatment of multiple PTSD symptom domains, including reducing arousal and avoidance, preventing the long-term adverse effects of stress, as well as enhancing the extinction and blocking the reconsolidation of persistent fear memories.
Parkinson’s disease. Some early research shows that taking cannabidiol daily for 4 weeks improves psychotic symptoms in people with Parkinson’s disease and psychosis. But taking a specific cannabis extract (Cannador) that contains THC and cannabidiol does not appear to improve involuntary muscle movements caused by the anti-Parkinson’s drug levodopa in people with Parkinson’s disease.
If no effects are noticeable initially, increase your dosage every few days. It takes time for the compound to build up and affect the body. Other cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), trigger almost immediate results (the previously mentioned “high”), but CBD’s effect is milder. Changes can take a few days to become apparent. Therefore, it's important that you stick with the same dosage for a few days before deciding to increase it.
CBD is showing real promise as a compound that can contribute to protecting the brain, thanks to its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities. Scientists are investigating its role in neurogenesis and its ability to help the brain heal from injury, and as a treatment for neurodegenerative disease. Research suggests that CBD may help to reduce brain damage from stroke or other neurological injury. And CBD is increasingly looked to as a possible therapy for several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and multiple sclerosis.
During the study, 50 participants with PTSD coexisting with alcohol use disorder will be given either 400 milligrams of CBD daily, or a placebo. The goal is to see if the participants who take CBD end up drinking less and whether this leads to an improvement in PTSD symptoms. The participants will be given a pharmaceutical-grade CBD, which is more reliable in strength and purity than the supplements that are currently available for sale to the public.
I’m considering this for my dog, a 50 pound border collie. She has muscle weakness in her back legs likely due to an injury several years ago and now those legs are also spasming at times when she walks. The vet put her on rimadyl (an anti-inflammatory nsaid specifically for dogs) and symptoms improved for several months but are now regressing. We’re guessing inflammation is at the root of it. She’s 13 and we’re willing to take on the risks of CBD although they seem to be low to none but wondering if there would be different considerations for her weight and species. Maybe a half capsule at morning and again at night? Or should we start with a whole one? Thank you!
CBD exerts several actions in the brain that explain why it could be effective in treating anxiety. Before we dive in, it’s important to note that most research describing how CBD works is preclinical and based on animal studies. As the saying goes, “mice are not men” — and, results from animal studies don’t always neatly transfer to human therapies. However, preclinical studies provide insights that move us in the right direction:
Laboratory evidence indicated that cannabidiol may reduce THC clearance, increasing plasma concentrations which may raise THC availability to receptors and enhance its effect in a dose-dependent manner. In vitro, cannabidiol inhibited receptors affecting the activity of voltage-dependent sodium and potassium channels, which may affect neural activity. A small clinical trial reported that CBD partially inhibited the CYP2C-catalyzed hydroxylation of THC to 11-OH-THC.